Driving-in-the-Philippines Tips and Tools

Driving in the Philippines – Know your driving laws


“Ignorantia juris non excusat” – Ignorance of the law is not an excuse. This “non-knowledge” of motoring and driving laws does not excuse anyone. There’s another reason why you should also know the law: So that corrupt MMDA or traffic police officers cannot put one over you.

If you’re driving or if you’re planning on driving in the Philippines, you must know what the laws are. You should also be aware of the protocol when an MMDA officer or a traffic police officer flags you down. NEVER ignore an officer when he/she flags you down. Please don’t think you can get away either. This isn’t the Fast and the Furious. Besides, have you seen the traffic along EDSA and other major roads? You cannot get away. They’ll just radio the guys at the next stop and then they’ll make sure that you stop.

On the flipside, you should also know the law and what the protocol is so that you won’t be fleeced or be harassed into bribery by corrupt officers. The standard protocol is that the officer will flag you down and will guide you to the side of the road where you won’t be a cause of traffic. They will have to inform you that you must not alight or go down your vehicle. They will ask for your license and verify your identity and check if you’ve had previous violations. They are not supposed to confiscate your license unless you are part of an accident or if you’ve had three (3) tickets that are overdue or if you fall under the following situations:

  • Allowing another person to use driver’s license
  • Broken sealing wire
  • Broken taximeter seal
  • Colorum operation (cargo/passenger vehicle)
  • Driving against traffic
  • Fake driver’s license
  • Fake/altered taximeter seal
  • Fake/altered sealing wire
  • Fast/defective/non-operational/tampered taxi meter
  • Flagged up meter
  • Illegal or unauthorized counter-flow
  • Illegal transfer of plates/tags/stickers
  • Joined/reconnected sealing wire
  • No driver’s ID
  • Ignoring Organized Bus Route (OBR) interval timers (for 2nd offence)
  • Skipping or bypassing designated OBR terminals or loading bays (for 2nd offence)
  • Operating on contractual basis
  • Out of line operation
  • Overcharging (with or without conductor) (for the 2nd offence)
  • Over-speeding
  • Refusal to convey passengers to destination/trip-cutting (Taxis and Public Utility Vehicles)
  • Refusal to render service to public (Taxis and Public Utility Vehicles)
  • Tampered sealing wire
  • Tampered taximeter seal
  • Tampering of OR/CR/CPC & other documents (spurious documents)
  • Undue preference/unjust discrimination
  • Using motor vehicle in commission of crime

As a rule of thumb, remember these:

1) MMDA officers are not allowed to group together in order to apprehend. They are not even allowed to stand together in groups of 2 or more. The only time they are allowed to work together is for special operations (probably when they apprehend groups of buses for smoke belching).

2) Swerving IS NOT a traffic violation. Moving one lane to the left or right is not swerving, no matter where on the road you do it. And it is even less of a violation when you do it with a signal. Swerving is defined as shifting 2 or more lanes very quickly. So you can argue your way out of this, and call the Metro Base for help.

3) Sadly, using the yellow lane is a traffic violation and will get you a ticket. However, buses are really not allowed to go out of the yellow lane, so if you see selective apprehension of private cars only, you may complain.

4) MMDA has confirmed that your license MAY NOT BE CONFISCATED at a traffic apprehension. The only time they can do so is if you are part of an accident, or it is your third violation and you have not settled your fines yet. They are only allowed to give you a ticket, which you can contest. He recommends actually receiving the ticket in some instances, so that you can report the officer who did it.

5) Also, you are free to ask any of these officers for their “mission order”, which is written by their supervisor. If they apprehend you for a violation that is not in their mission order for the day, you can report them and they will receive disciplinary action.

For more information and updates, please visit the official MMDA website or LTO website.

Both the MMDA and LTO issue a list of offenses. We have included both in the two tables below which are correct as of Nov 4th 2015. There seems to be a little confusion as there are a lot of regulations and not all are on just one website.

MMDA Driving Regulations & Fines

AND PENALTIES  FINES/PENALTIES  
TRAFFIC VIOLATIONSVIOLATIONOFFENSE FREQUENCY1ST2ND3RD
CODEALLOWING ANOTHER PERSON TO USE DRIVERS LICENSED500500500
601 MO SUS OF DL1 MO SUS OF DL1 MO SUS OF DL
114ALLOWING ANOTHER TO USE COMML / BUSS. NAMEO375375375
61ALLOWING IMPROPERLY LIC / UNLIC PERSON TO DRIVEO750750750
46ALLOWING PASSENGER ON TOP OF VEHICLED150150150
48**ARROGANCE / DISCOURTESY (w/ seminar)D150150150
170BAN ON RIGHT-HAND DRIVE MVO500500500
74BREACH OF FRANCHISE CONDITIONSO375375375
149BROKEN SEALING WIRED1 MO SUS OF DL3 MOS SUS DL6 MOS SUS DL
O1,000.001,000.001,000.00
145BROKEN TAXIMETER SEALD3 MOS SUS DL6 MOS SUS DLREV OF DL
O2,500.003,000.005,000.00
REV OF FRAN
10BUS / PUJ LANE ORDINANCED200200200
010PBUS / PUJ Lane Ordinance along Commonwealth(Pvt. Veh.) Physical App. MMDA Reg. No. 11-001 Series of 2011D1,200.001,200.001,200.00
100CARRYING RED LIGHTS INFRONT OF MVO150150150
135COLORED / TINTED / PAINTED WINSHIELD / WIND GLASSO500500500
015BCOLORUM OPERATION (CARGO VEHICLE)O1,000.002,000.003,000.00
3 MOS CONF PLT6 MOS IMP MVCNCL. FRAN.
B015BCOLORUM OPERATION (CARGO VEHICLE)D5007501,000.00
3 MOS SUS DL6 MOS SUS DLREV OF DL
015ACOLORUM OPERATION (PASSENGER) - MMDA Reg. No. 97 - 004O5,000.005,000.005,000.00
3 MOS CONF PLT6 MOS IMP MVCNCL. FRAN.
A015COLORUM OPERATION (PASSENGER) - MMDA Reg. No. 97 - 004D1,000.001,000.001,000.00
3 MOS SUS DL6 MOS SUS DLREV OF DL
16CR / OR NOT CARRIEDD150150150
30CUTTING AN OVERTAKEN VEHICLED150150150
97DEFECTIVE BRAKESO150150150
116DEFECTIVE EQUIPMENTO150150150
118DEFECTIVE / BROKEN WINDSHIELDO150150150
A017DELINQUENT / INVALID REGISTRATIOND450450450
017ADELINQUENT / INVALID REGISTRATIONO450450450
IMP OF MVIMP OF MVIMP OF MV
200DETACHED / IMPROPER / TEMPORARY SIGNBOARDD500500500
133DIM-COLORED LIGHTS (FOR HIRE)O500500500
79DIRTY / UNCARED FOR PLATESO150150150
115DIRTY / UNSANITARY EQUIPMENTO150150150
106DIRTY / UNSIGHTLY / DILAPIDATED MOTOR VEHICLEO150150150
CONF OF PLTCONF OF PLTCONF OF PLT
3DISREGARDING TRAFFIC SIGNSD150150150
177DOUBLE LICENSED300300300
203PRQDrag Racing / Speed Contest ? PARANAQUE MMDA MC No. 14-11D5,000.005,000.005,000.00
203PSYDrag Racing / Speed Contest ? PASAY MMDA MC No. 14-11D2,000.002,000.002,000.00
211Dress Code for Riders (Slippers)D5007001,000.00
023ADRIVING AGAINST TRAFFICD2,000.002,000.002,000.00
3 MOS SUS DL6 MOS SUS DLREV OF DL
52DRIVING IN A PLACE NOT FOR TRAFFICD150150150
51DRIVING IN SLEEVELESS SHIRTD100100100
50DRIVING IN SLIPPERSD100100100
66DRIVING UNDER INFLUENCE OF DRUGSD2,000.002,000.002,000.00
1 YR SUS OF DLREV OF DL
65DRIVING UNDER INFLUENCE OF LIQUORD2,000.002,000.002,000.00
1 YR SUS OF DLREV OF DL
54DRIVING W /DEL / INVAL / INEFFECTUAL DLD300300300
184DRIVING WHILE USING CELLULAR PHONE / HANDSET RADIOD200200200
56DRIVING WITH REVOKED DRIVERS LICENSED300300300
55DRIVING WITH SUSPENDED DRIVERS LICENSED300300300
53DRIVING WITHOUT LICENSED750750750
25EDSA MINIBUS BAND150150150
62EMPLOYING DISCOURTEOUS / ARROGANT DRIVER / CONDUCTOR (w/seminar)O400400400
212Excess Passenger / CargoD1,000.001,000.001,000.00
162EXTENDING LOAD WITHOUT PERMITD200200200
191FAILURE TO CARRY ARMORED VEH. DOCUMENTSD300300300
O5,000.005,000.005,000.00
126FAILURE TO CARRY EWDD100100100
57FAILURE TO CARRY / SHOW / SURRENDER DRIVERS LICENSED150150150
193FAILURE TO COMPLY W/ACCDT. OR TRAFF. VIOL. PROCEDURESD300300300
210Failure to Comply with LTFRB MC 2011-004O2,000.003,000.005,000.00
45FAILURE TO DIM HEADLIGHTSD150150150
190FAILURE TO DISPLAY THE REGULAR PLATE (w/comm. Plate)O5,000.005,000.005,000.00
43FAILURE TO GIVE PROPER SIGNALD150150150
39FAILURE TO GIVE WAY TO OVERTAKING MOTOR VEHICLED150150150
42FAILURE TO GIVE WAY TO POLICE / FIRE VEH / AMBULANCED150150150
127FAILURE TO INSTALL EWDD300300300
158FAILURE TO PAINT "AIRCON" (TX)O750750750
107FAILURE TO PAINT AUTHORIZED ROUTEO375375375
161FAILURE TO PROVIDE CLEAN SEAT COVER (TX)O150150150
159FAILURE TO PROVIDE LIGHT ON TAXI METERO150150150
160FAILURE TO PROVIDE LIGHT ON TOP OF TAXIO150150150
195FAILURE TO RETROFITO1,000.002,000.003,000.00
3 MOS SUS OF CR
58FAILURE TO SIGN DRIVERS LICENSED150150150
44FAILURE TO STOP MOTOR AND NOTCH HANDBRAKE OF MOTOR WHEN UNATTENDEDD150150150
41FAILURE TO STOP BEFORE THROUGH HW / RR CROSSINGD150150150
194FAILURE TO USE SEATBELTD2505001,000.00
1 week susp.
40FAILURE TO YIELD RIGHT OF WAYD150150150
59FAKE DRIVER'S LICENSE / SPURIOUS DRIVER'S LICENSED1,500.001,500.001,500.00
6 MOS SUS OF DL6 MOS SUS OF DL6 MOS SUS OF DL
92FAKE ID / PERMITD1,000.002,000.003,000.00
83FAKE NUMBER PLATESO1,000.002,000.003,000.00
89FAKE STICKERSO1,000.002,000.003,000.00
93FAKE TAGSO1,000.002,000.003,000.00
146FAKE /ALTERED TAXIMETER SEALD3 MOS SUS DL6 MOS SUS DLREV OF DL
O2,500.003,000.005,000.00
REV OF FRAN
151FAKE / ALTERED SEALING WIRED1 MO SUS OF DL3 MOS SUS OF DL6 MOS SUS OF DL
O1,000.001,000.001,000.00
144FAST / DEFECT / NON-OPER / TAMPERED TAXI METERD3 MOS SUS DL6 MOS SUS DLREV OF DL
O2,500.003,000.005,000.00
REV OF FRAN
154BFLAGGED UP METERD500500500
1 MO SUS OF DL1 MO SUS OF DL1 MO SUS OF DL
010CFor No Contact along Commonwealth (BUS / PUJ Lane Ordinance) MMDA Reg. No. 11-001 Series of 2011O1,200.001,200.001,200.00
006CFor No Contact along Commonwealth (Illegal Parking)MMDA Reg. No. 11-001 Series of 2011O1,200.001,200.001,200.00
49HITCHINGD100100100
185ILLEGAL DISPLAY OF ENFORCERS I.DD1,000.001,000.001,000.00
87ILLEGAL DISPLAY OF SIGNBOARDD375375375
023BILLEGAL OR UNAUTHORIZED COUNTERFLOW - MMDA Reg. No. 97 - 003D2,000.002,000.002,000.00
3 MOS SUS DL6 MOS SUS OF DLREV OF DL
14ILLEGAL OVERTAKINGD150150150
95ILLEGAL TRANSFER OF PLATES / TAGS / STICKERSD1 MO SUS OF DL1 MO SUS OF DL1 MO SUS OF DL
O7,500.007,500.007,500.00
006PIllegal Parking Physical ApprehensionD1,200.001,200.001,200.00
MMDA Reg. No. 11-001 Series of 2011
006A*ILLEGAL PARKING (NOT TOWED)D200200200
006B*ILLEGAL PARKING (TOWED)D500500500
8ILLEGAL TURNINGD150150150
178ILLEGAL / UNSAFE TOWINGD150150150
99IMPROPER/ DEFECTIVE HORN / SIGNALING DEVICED150150150
108IMPROPER PAINTING OF AUTHORIZED ROUTEO375375375
82IMPROPERLY DISPLAYED PLATESO200200200
069AIMPROPERLY REGISTERED MOTOR VEHICLEO450450450
IMP OF MVIMP OF MVIMP OF MV
A069IMPROPERLY REGISTERED MOTOR VEHICLED450450450
80INCONSPICOUSLY DISPLAYED PLATESO150150150
31INCREASING SPEED WHEN OVERTAKEND150150150
132INSTALLATION OF JALOUSIES ( FOR HIRE)O500500500
157INSTALLING AIRCON W/O AUTHORITY (TX)O750750750
0INVOLVED IN ACCIDENT000
206Jaywalking Ordinace No. 1 Series of 1995D150150150
209Jogging Lane MarikinaD2,000.002,000.002,000.00
150JOINED / RECONNECTED SEALING WIREO1,000.001,000.001,000.00
D1 MO SUS OF DL3 MOS SUS OF DL6 MOS SUS OF DL
192LACK OF ARMORED VEHICLE MARKINGSO5,000.005,000.005,000.00
2*LOADING / UNLOADING IN PROHIBITED ZONED150150150
153LOOSE TRIPLEX SEALO375375375
24MODIFIED BUS STOP SEGREGATION SCHEMED1,000.001,000.001,000.00
207EMotorcycle Lane (EDSA) - MMDA Res. No. 1 Series 2012D500500500
208Motorcycle Ordinance Marikina No. 43D5002,000.002,000.00
96MV W /METALLIC TIRESD150150150
125NO BODY NUMBERO375375375
103NO BRAKE LIGHTSD150150150
110NO BUSINESS / TRADE NAME (PRIVATE)O150150150
179NO CANVAS COVERD150150150
131NO CAPACITY MARKINGSO150150150
006NNo Contact Illegal ParkingO200200200
MMDA Reg. No. 11-001 Series of 2011
002NNo Contact Loading / Unloading in Prohibited ZoneO150150150
MMDA Reg. No. 04-003 Series of 2004
018NNo Contact Open Door - (1 door only)O150150150
MMDA Reg. No. 04-003 Series of 2004
019NNo Contact Open Door - (2 door)O150150150
MMDA Reg. No. 04-003 Series of 2004
201No Contact OverspeedingO1,200.001,200.001,200.00
MMDA Reg. No. 11-001 Series of 2011
004NNo Contact RecklessO500500500
MMDA Reg. No. 11-001 Series of 2011
010NNo Contact (BUS / PUJ LANE ORDINANCE)D200200200
MMDA Reg. No. 11-001 Series of 2011
128NO CRASH HELMETD150150150
183NO DRIVER'S IDD200200200
3 MOS SUS DL3 MOS SUS DL3 MOS SUS DL
138NO FARE MATRIXO500500500
73NO FRANCHISE / CPC / PA CARRIEDD375375375
121NO INTERIOR LIGHTO150150150
112NO NAME OF OWNER / OPERATOR (TX)O150150150
137NO NOT FOR HIRE SIGNO300300300
111NO OWNER / BUSINESS NAME / ADDRESS (FOR HIRE)O150150150
CONF OF PLTCONF OF PLTCONF OF PLT
102NO PLATE LIGHTSO150150150
169NO PLATE / FRONT PLATE / REAR PLATEO150150150
120NO REAR VIEW MIRRORO150150150
124NO RED FLAG / LIGHTS ON PROJECTING LOADO150150150
101NO RED REAR LIGHTSD150150150
122NO SPARE TIREO150150150
88NO STICKERO150150150
136NO TAIL GATEO300300300
155NO DRIVERS UNIFORMD100100100
156NO TAXI METERD1,000.001,000.001,000.00
O1,000.001,000.001,000.00
105NO / CUT MUFFLERD150150150
98NO / DEFECTIVE HANDBRAKED150150150
20NO/DEFECTIVE HEADLIGHTSD150150150
117NO / DEFECTIVE SPEEDOMETER / TACHOMETERO150150150
21NO / DEFECTIVE TAILIGHTSD150150150
119NO / DEFECTIVE WINDSHIELD WIPERO150150150
104NO / DEFECTIVE WIPERD150150150
139NON-ISSUANCE OF FARE TICKET (PUB)O375375375
C375375375
1OBSTRUCTIOND150150150
196ORGANIZED BUS ROUTE : Vehicles in excess of time limit prescribed for loading / unloading of passengers and / or goods.D5007501,000.00
1 MO SUS OF DL
197ORGANIZED BUS ROUTE : Ignoring interval timer where there are timers installed.D750750750
1 WK SUS OF DL1 MO SUS OF DL
198ORGANIZED BUS ROUTE : Skipping or by passing designated terminals or loading bays.City bus running without dispatch number. Failure to surrender queue / dispatch number at esignated exit area.D1,000.001,000.001,000.00
1 MO SUS OF DL2 MO SUS OF DL
199ORGANIZED BUS ROUTE : Defacing / Marking writing on the queue card.D500500500
152OLD METER / TRANSMISSION / TRIPLEX SEALO375375375
18OPEN DOOR (W/CONDUCTOR)C150150150
19OPEN DOOR (W/O CONDUCTOR)D150150150
63OPERATING MV W/O LICENSED DRIVERD200200200
154AOPERATING ON CONTRACTUAL BASISD500500500
1 MO SUS OF DL1 MO SUS OF DL1 MO SUS OF DL
009A*OUT OF LINE OPERATION - MMDA Reg. No. 97 - 004O5,000.005,000.005,000.00
IMP MV 24 HRSIMP MV 24 HRSIMP MV 24 HRS
A009*OUT OF LINE OPERATION - MMDA Reg. No. 97 - 004D1,000.001,000.001,000.00
1 WK SUS OF DL1 WK SUS OF DL1 WK SUS OF DL
141OVERCHARGING (W/CONDUCTOR)O500500500
C500500500
1 MO SUS OF CL1 MO SUS OF CL
140OVERCHARGING (W/O CONDUCTOR)D500500500
1 MO SUS DL1 MO SUS DL
O500500500
181OVERLOADINGD150150150
164OVERLOADING (EXCESS 100KG ON PASS TRUCK)D150150150
163OVERLOADING (SEC.9 R. A. 4136)D150150150
166OVERLOADING OF PASS THAN REG. CAPACITY WITH CONDUCTORC150150150
165OVERLOADING OF PASS THAN REG. CAPACITY W/O CONDUCTORD150150150
168OVERLOADING ON TOP OF TRUCK (20 KG/80.M)D150150150
167OVERLOADING OF CARGO ON TRUCK THAN REG. CAPD150150150
22OVERNIGHT PARKINGD500500500
201M***Overspeeding Macapagal Ave MMDA MC No. 14-11D2,000.002,000.002,000.00
201POverspeeding Physical Apprehension MMDA MC No. 14-11D1,200.001,200.001,200.00
207CMotorcyle Lane CommonwealthD500500500
207MMotorcyle Lane MacapagalD500500500
MMDA MC No. 19-11
36OVERTAKING AT AN INTERSECTIOND150150150
38OVERTAKING AT NO OVERTAKING ZONED150150150
35OVERTAKING AT RAILWAY GRADE CROSSINGD150150150
29OVERTAKING AT UNSAFE DISTANCED150150150
37OVERTAKING BET MEN WORKING / CAUTION SIGNSD150150150
33OVERTAKING UPON A CREST OF GRADED150150150
34OVERTAKING UPON A CURVED150150150
32OVERTAKING WHEN LEFT SIDE NOT VIS / CLEARD150150150
109PAINTING OF UNAUTHORIZED ROUTEO375375375
47PASSENGERS ON RUNNING / STEP BRD / MUDGUARDD150150150
81PLATES DIFFERENT FROM BODY NUMBERO450450450
78PLATES NOT FIRMLY ATTACHED / VISIBLEO150150150
010BPRIVATE VEHICLE USING YELLOW LANED500500500
4*RECKLESS DRIVINGD5007501,000.00
SUS OF DLREV. OF DL
204M**Reckless Driving - PASAY & PARANQUE (w/seminar) MMDA MC No. 14-11D2,000.002,000.002,000.00
12*REFUSAL TO CONVEY PASSENGER TO DESTN / TRIPCUTTING TXD1,000.001,000.001,000.00
1 MO SUS OF DL3 MO SUS OF DL6 MO SUS OF DL
11*REFUSAL TO CONVEY PASSENGER TO DESTN / TRIPCUTTING PUVD1,000.001,000.001,000.00
1 MO SUS OF DL3 MO SUS OFDL6 MO SUS OF DL
26REFUSAL TO RENDER SERVICE TO PUBLIC (PUV)D1,000.001,000.001,000.00
1 MO SUS OF DL1 MO SUS OF DL1 MO SUS OF DL
27REFUSAL TO RENDER SERVICE TO PUBLIC (TX)D1,000.001,000.001,000.00
1 MO SUS OF DL1 MO SUS OF DL1 MO SUS OF DL
71REVOKED CERT OF REGISTRATIONO450450450
IMP MV / CON PLTIMP MV / CON PLTIMP MV / CON PLT
202RRoof Tagging MMDA Resolution 11-02 series of 2011O500500500
186SATURDAY TRAFFIC SCHEMED300300300
171SMOKE BELCHINGO200200200
188SPORTING DAZZLING HEADLIGHTS NEON LIGHTS BROKEN LENSD500500500
187STAINLESS / NICKLE / CHROME PLATED, SHINY VEHICLE PARTSD500500500
5STALLED VEHICLEO200200200
129STEREO BAND1,000.001,000.001,000.00
134STROBE / DANCING LIGHTS (FOR HIRE)O500500500
70SUSPENDED CERT OF REGISTRATIOND450450450
IMP MV / CON PLTIMP MV / CON PLTIMP MV / CON PLT
148TAMPERED SEALING WIRED1 MO SUS OF DL3 MO SUS OF DL6 MO SUS OF DL
O1,000.001,000.001,000.00
147TAMPERED TAXIMETER SEALD3 MOS SUS DL6 MOS SUS DLREV. OF DL
O2,500.003,000.005,000.00
REV OF FRAN.
84TAMPERED / MARKED PLATESO300300300
90TAMPERED / MARKED STICKERSO300300300
94TAMPERING OF OR / CR / CPC & OTHER DOCUMENTS (SPURIOUS DOCUMENTS) - MMDA Reg. No. 97 - 004O5,000.005,000.005,000.00
IMP MV 24 HRSIMP MV 24 HRSIMP MV 24 HRS
A094TAMPERING OF OR / CR / CPC & OTHER DOCUMENTS (SPURIOUS DOCUMENTS) - MMDA Reg. No. 97 - 004D1,000.001,000.001,000.00
3 MOS SUS DL6 MOS SUS DLREV OF DL
77TOURIST DRIVING MV UNREGISTERED IN PHILD1,500.001,500.001,500.00
13TRICYCLE BAND100100100
7TRUCK BAND500500500
123UNAUTHORIZED BELL / SIREN / EXHAUST WHISTLEO600600600
CON BELL / SIRENCON BELL / SIRENCON BELL / SIREN
86UNAUTHORIZED FOR HIRE PLATES ON PRIVATE MVO1,500.001,500.001,500.00
76UNAUTHORIZED CHANGE OF COLOR / CONFIGURATIONO500500500
113UNAUTHORIZED COMML / BUSS / TRADE NAME (TX)O375375375
85UNAUTHORIZED IMPROVISED PLATESO150150150
143UNDERCHARGING (W/CONDUCTOR)O500500500
C500500500
1 MO SUS OF CL1 MO SUS OF CL
142UNDERCHARGING (W/O CONDUCTOR)D500500500
1 MO SUS OF DL1 MO SUS OF DL
O500500500
28UNDUE PREFERENCE / UNJUST DISCRIMINATIOND500500500
1 MO SUS OF DL1 MO SUS OF DL1 MO SUS OF DL
176UNIFIED VEHICLE VOLUME REDUCTION PROGRAMD300300300
64UNLICENSED CONDUCTORC300300300
A068UNREGISTERED MOTOR VEHICLED450450450
068AUNREGISTERED MOTOR VEHICLEO450450450
75UNREGISTERED SUBS / REPLACEMENT ENGINED500500500
IMP OF MVIMP OF MVIMP OF MV
180UNSAFE LOAD / CARGOD150150150
67USING MV IN COMMISSION OF CRIMED10,000.00
REV. OF DL
130VIOLATION OF COLOR SCHEMEO375375375
91VIOLATION OF COMMEMORATIVE PLATE RULES & REGULATIONSO5,000.005,000.005,000.00
205Speed Limit - PASAY & PARANAQUE (Macapagal Ave.) MMDA MC No. 14-11D1,000.001,000.001,000.00
1203TOWING FEE STALLED / ILLEGALLY PARKED (HEAVY VEHICLES)D4,500.004,500.004,500.00
1202TOWING FEE STALLED / ILLEGALLY PARKED (MEDIUM VEHICLES)D2,500.002,500.002,500.00
1201TOWING FEE STALLED / ILLEGALLY PARKED (LIGHT VEHICLES)D1,500.001,500.001,500.00
002A*LOADING / UNLOADING IN PROHIBITED ZONE ( as of July 12, 2012) (MC 08 - 12)D500500500
018AOPEN DOOR (W/CONDUCTOR) ( as of July 12, 2012) (MC 08 - 12)C1,000.001,000.001,000.00
019AOPEN DOOR (W/O CONDUCTOR) ( as of July 12, 2012) (MC 08 - 12)D1,000.001,000.001,000.00
010TAXBUS / PUJ LANE ORDINANCE ( as of July 12, 2012) (MC 08 - 12)D500500500
213BUSES WITH DEFECTIVE DOORS ( as of July 12, 2012) (MC 08 - 12)D1,000.001,000.001,000.00
214BUS SEGREGATION SCHEME ( as of July 12, 2012) (MC 08 - 12)D1,000.001,000.001,000.00
2051Marikina City OrdinanceD1,000.001,000.001,000.00
208Failure to Register Motorcycle Helmet, Marikina City Ord # 43D5002,000.002,000.00
Source: http://www.mmda.gov.ph/index.php/20-faq/298-traffic-violations-and-penalties

LTO Driving Regulations & Fines

FINES/PENALTIES FOR TRAFFIC AND ADMINISTRATIVE VIOLATIONSAPPROVED RATES
A. Violations in Connection with Licensing
1. Driving without License1,500.00
2. Driving without delinquent of expired license400
3. Driving with suspended or revoked or improper license1,000.00
4. Failure to carry Driver?s License200
5. Failure to sign Driver?s License200
6. Driving under the influence of liquor.5,000.00
and two (2) months suspension of driver?s license5,000.00
for the 2nd offense and three (3) months suspensionÿof driver?s license6,000.00
for subsequent violations after the 2nd offense and six months suspension of driver?s license; after 3rd offense automatic revocation of driver?s license7,000.00
7. Driving under the influence of drugs10,000.00
8. Allowing an unlicensed/improperly licensed person to drive motor vehicle.1,000.00
suspension of plates, registrations and Driver?s License for 2 months
9. Possession and use of fake/spurious Driver?s License2,000.00
if the drivers has been issued an authentic license, it shall be suspended for 1 year in addition to the fine
if the driver has not been issued an authentic license, he shall be disqualified, to secure a Driver?s License for a period of two (2) years.
10. Conviction of the driver of a crime using a motor vehicle3,000.00
11. Student driver operating a MV without being accompanied by a Licensed driver500
12. Unlicensed conductor of a motor vehicle for hire500
13. Operating / driving a motor vehicle which is unregistered / improperly Registered
if committed by the driver without the knowledge and Consent of the owner/operator2,000.00
if the driver is also the processor of the subject motor vehicle4,000.00
in both cases the motor vehicle shall be impounded or the plates if any shall be confiscated and shall not be released until properly registered.
14. Operating a motor vehicle with unregistered substitute or replacement engine, engine block or chassis5,000.00
the subject MV shall be impounded until such parts are properly registered
15. Failure to carry certificate of registration or official receipt of registration150
16. Operating /allowing the operation of MV with a suspended / revoked Certificate/Official Receipt of registration.1,000.00
the subject MV shall be impounded and its plate held during the suspension
in addition to the original suspension the said MV and plates shall further be suspended for two (2) years.
17. Tourist operating or allowing the use of non Philippine registered Motor Vehicle beyond the 90 day period of his sojourn in the country.5,000.00
B. Violations in Connection with Number of Plates
18. Motor Vehicle number plates not firmly attached200
19. Obscure plates200
20. License plates different from body number on Public Utility MV500
21. Improper display of a motor vehicle permanent plate500
22. Display/Use of an expired commemorative plates or stickers2,000.00
23. tampered/ marked plates or stickers2, 000.00
24. Illegal transfer or use of MV regularly issued MV plates, tags or stickers except security plates on authorized Motor Vehicle10,000.00
Owners/Operators are conclusively presumed to have Committed the illegal transfer.
Drivers of MV involved in illegal transfer of plates, sticker shall suffer the suspension of their Driver?s License for three (3) months
if the MV with illegal transferred plates or stickers in used In the commissions of a crime, its owner shall suffer the penalty of 12,000.00 fine and suspension of plates and registration certificate and Official Receipt for two (2) years
C. Violations Relative to Equipment, Parts, Accessories, Devices and Markings of Motor Vehicle
25. Operating MV with metallic tires in any public high ways5,000.00
26. Defective Brake500
27. Improper/Defective Horn or signaling device300
28. Use or installation of unnecessary lights in front and rear of a Motor Vehicle300
29. Operating motor vehicle without head, tail, plate and/or brake lights300
30. Without muffler150
31. Without wiper150
32. Dirty or unsightly or unsanitary MV300
33. Dilapidated or defective MV1,000.00
to hold release of plates until defect is correct
34. Failure to paint or improper painting of authorize route or PUJ Filcabs, Shuttle Services, Trucks For Hire, Taxis and similar for For Hire Motor Vehicles operating with fixed routes.500
to hold plates until defect is corrected
35. Non painting of business or trade name500
to hold plates until defect is corrected
36. Use of unauthorized improvised plates300
37. Without or defective hand brakes200
to hold plates pending correction of defect
38. Without or defective speedometer200
to hold plates pending correction of defect
39. Without or defective windshield wiper200
to hold plates pending correction of defect
40. Without rear view mirror200
to hold plates pending correction of defect
41. Without interior light200
to hold plates pending correction of defect
42. Without name or business name and address of operator inscribe500
to hold Plate or OR/CR until defect is corrected
43. Unauthorized use of bell, siren or exhaust whistle15,000.00
forefieture of the said gadgets in favor of the government
44. Without functional spare tire300
45. Without red flag or red lights on projecting end of load extending more than a meter beyond the bed or body, and in the evening red lights visible at least 50 meters away.500
46. Failure to paint plate number on a motor vehicle for hire500
to be imposed upon the owner/driver
47. Failure to carry Early Warning Device (EWD)150
48. Failure to install EWD 4 meters from the front rear and of the stalled motor vehicle500
to be imposed upon the owner/driver
49. Without Capacity marking375
to be imposed upon the owner/driver
50. Unauthorized installation of jalousies, painted windshield or colored windshield.600
to be imposed upon the owner/driver
51. Installation of dim/colored lights, strobe lights, dancing lights or similar lights600
to be imposed upon the owner/driver of the motor vehicles
52. Use or installation of heavily tinted colored/painted windshield or or window glass600
to be imposed upon the owner/driver sunvizor or light tinted are allowed
53. Without permanent tail gate with inscription ?Not for Hire? sign in a private jeepney/jitney500
to be imposed upon the owner
54.Use/installation of a glaring/stainless object upon at the front and/or rear of a motor vehicle500
to be imposed upon the owner
D. Weights and Load Limits:
55. Load extending beyond the projected width without permit500
to be imposed upon the driver
56. Axle overloading ? an amount equivalent to 25% of MVUC at the time of infringement on owner/operator or driver of trucks and trailers for loading beyond their registered gross weight, vehicle weight. The penalty shall be waived for loads exceeding the registered GVW by a tolerance of less than 5%. No motor vehicle shall exceed thirteen thousand five hundred (13,500) kgs. Or the vehicle load exceeds 150% of the maximum allowable gross weight.300
57. Operating a passenger truck (bus) with cargo exceeding 160 kgs.300
to be imposed upon either the driver/operator or conductor
58. Allowing more passengers and/or freight or cargo in excess of carrying capacity of MV300
59. Baggage or freight carried on top of truck exceeds 20 kgs. Per sq. meter and not distributed in such a manner as not to endanger the passenger or stability of the truck
E. Prohibited or Illegal Operation of Motor Vehicles
60. Out of line6,000.00
For Operators/Owners:
1st Offense
& addt?l P1, 500.00 per day reckoned from the day of apprehension until the case was settled and suspension of registration and/or impoundment of MV for three (3) months
2nd Offense
& addt?l P2, 000.00 per day reckoned from the day of apprehension until the case was settled and suspension of registration and/or impoundment of MV for six (6) months
3rd Offense
& addt?l P2, 500.00 per day reckoned from the day of apprehension until the case was settled, revocation of registration and forever banned from applying for a franchise and/or revocation of franchise if franchise holder
For Drivers:
1st Offense250
& suspension of DL for three (3) months
2nd Offense500
& suspension of DL for six (6) months
3rd Offense750
& suspension of DL for one (1) year
61. Colorum operation
For Operators/Owner:
1st Offense250
& suspension of DL for three (3) months
2nd Offense500
& suspension of DL for six (6) months
3rd Offense750
& suspension of DL for (1)year
62. Operating a motor vehicle with expired franchise (CPC)
Driver500
Operator/owner/possessor of MV per day from the date of expiry to the date of the CPC1,000.00
-the plate, OR/CR of the subject MV shall be suspended for six months from the date of apprehension to the fines
63. Operating or using a For Hire Motor Vehicle different from its types of services mentioned in the CPC
for driver1,000.00
for operator3,000.00
For Hire Motor Vehicles used by the members of the family of the operator, during emergency cases is allowed.
2nd offense and suspension plates, OR, CR for six (6) months
for driver2,000.00
for operator4,000.00
for subsequent offenses and suspension of DL, plate, OR/CR for one (1) year
for driver3,000.00
for operator5,000.00
F. Breach of Condition of Franchise and Related Violations.
64. Employing insolent, discourteous drivers and conductors400
to be imposed against the owner/operator/possessor of MV
65. Discourtesy of drivers and/or conductors towards the passengers in addition to the suspension of conductor?s/driver?s license for (2) two months500
66. Unreasonable refusal to convey passengers to the suspension of the license of the driver of the license of the driver for two (2) months. If the operator has knowledge or consent to the infraction committed, the place, OR & CR shall ikewise be suspended for two (2) months.1,500.00
to be imposed against the driver and/or the operator in addition
67. Non ? issuance of fare ticket
to be imposed against the operator and the conductor
for operator375
for conductor1,000.00
68. Unauthorized use of commercial or trade name500
to be imposed against the operator
69. Undue preference or unjust/unreasonable discrimination against the passenger600
to be imposed against the driver aside from the penalty, The license of the driver shall be suspended for two (2) months.
70. Overcharging/Undercharging of fare750
for the driver or the conductor as the case maybe and suspension of conductors license for two (2) months
the operator shall also be liable for equal fine if found to have participated thereto and the plate, OR/CR for the same period stated above.
for each subsequent violation the license of the driver or conductor and/or the plate, OR/CR of the subject MV shall be suspended for three (3) months.
71. Breach of Condition in the CPC except when already penalized under any provisions of this circular.500
G. Frauds and Falsities
72. Use of fake plates/stickers/pursuant documents2,000.00 to 4,000.00
to be imposed upon the owner and/or driver of the subject MV.
73. Misrepresenting a copy of a document pertinent to a motor vehicle Before the Traffic Adjudication Service.1, 500.00
to be imposed upon the driver or owner
H. Traffic Violations
74. Parking200
a. within an intersection
b. within 5 meters of the intersection
c. 4 meter from the driveway entrance
d. within 4 meters from afire hydrant
e. in front of a private driveway
f. on the roadway side of any unmoving or parked MV at the curved way of the highway
g. at any place where signs of prohibitions have been installed.
75. Reckless Driving
1st Offense1, 000.00
2nd Offense1, 500.00
and suspension of DL for two (2) months
3rd Offense2, 000.00
and suspension of DL for six (6) months
Succeeding offense5, 000.00
and revocation of DL
Such as but not limited to the following:
a. Disregarding Traffic Signs
a.a. Failure to yield right of way ? failure of a vehicle entering a highway from a private road or drive to yield the right way to all vehicles approaching on such highway.
a.b. Failure to yield the right of way to ambulance, police or fire department vehicles ? failure of a driver upon a highway to yield the right of way to police or fire department vehicles and ambulances when such vehicles are operated on official business and the drivers thereof sound audible signal of their approach.
a.c. Failure to yield right of way at a ?through highway? or a ?stop intersection? ? failure of a vehicle entering a ?through highway? or a ?stop intersection? to yield the right of way to all vehicles approaching in either direction on such ?through intersection?.
a.d. Failure to give proper signal ? Failure to give the appropriate signal before starting, stopping or turning into a direct line.
a.e. Illegal turn ? failure of the driver of a vehicle intending to turn to the right at an intersection to approach such intersection in the lane for traffic nearest to be right-hand side of the highway and. In turning, to keep as close as possible to the right hand curve or edge of the highway.
a.f. Illegal turn ? failure of the driver of a vehicle intending to turn to the left, to approach such intersection in the lane for traffic to the right of and nearest to the center line of the highway, and turning , to pass to the left of the center of the intersection except upon highway laned for traffic and upon one-way highway.
ÿa.g. Failure to stop motor and notch handbrake of motor vehicle when unattended ? failure to turn off the ignition switch and stop the motor and notch effectively the handbrake when parking a motor vehicle unattended on any highway.
b. Allowing a passenger to top or cover of a motor vehicle except in a truck helper
c. Failure to provide canvass cover to cargos or freight of trucks requiring the same
d. Permitting passenger to ride on running board, stepboard or mudguard of MV while the same is in motion
e. Failure to dim headlights when approaching another motor vehicle
f. Driving For Hire motor vehicle in slippers
g. Driving in a place not intended for traffic or into place not allowed for parking
h. Hitching or permitting a person or a bicycle, motorcycle, tricycle or skate roller to hitch to a motor vehicle
i. Driving against traffic ? failure to pass to the right when meeting persons or vehicles coming towards him
j. Illegal turn ? failure to conduct the motor vehicle to the right of the intersection of the highway when turning to the left in going from one highway to another
k. Illegal overtaking ? failure to pass to the left when overtaking persons or vehicles going the same direction except when there are two or more lanes for the movement of traffic in one direction
l. Overtaking at an unsafe distance ? failure to pass at a safe distance to the left of another motor vehicle when overtaking that vehicle.
m. Cutting an overtaken vehicle ? driving to the right side of the highway after overtaking before his motor vehicle is safely clear of such overtaken vehicles.
n. Failure to give way to an overtaking vehicle ? failure to give way to another vehicle approaching from the rear that wishes to overtake his vehicle when the former has given suitable and audible signal
o. Increasing speed when being overtaken ? increasing the speed of the motor vehicle before the overtaking vehicle has completely passed.
p. Overtaking when left side is not visible or clear of oncoming traffic ÿ- driving to the left side ÿof the center line of a highway in overtaking or passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction where the left side is not clearly visible and is not free of oncoming traffic for a sufficient distance to pass in safely.
q. Overtaking upon a crest of a grade ? overtaking or passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction ÿwhen approaching the crest of a grade
r. Overtaking upon a curve ? overtaking or passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction upon a curve in a highway where the driver?s view along the highway is obstructed within a distance of 500 feet ahead.
s. Overtaking at any railway grade crossing ? overtaking or passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction at any railway grade crossing.
t. Overtaking at an intersection ? overtaking or passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction at any intersection of highways except on a highway having two or more lanes for movement of traffic in one direction where the driver of a vehicle may overtake another vehicle on the right.
u. Overtaking between ?men working? or ?caution? signs ? overtaking or passing or attempting to overtake or pass another vehicle proceeding in the same direction between warning or caution signs indicating that men are working on the highway.
v. Overtaking at no overtaking zone ? overtaking or passing or attempting to overtake or pass another vehicle proceeding in the same direction in any ?no passing or overtaking? zone.
w. Failure to yield the right of way ? failure of the vehicle on the left to yield the right intersection at approximately the same time.
x. Failure to yield the right of way ? failure of a vehicle approaching but not having entered an intersection to yield the right of way to a vehicle within such intersection or turning therein to the left across the line of travel of the first mentioned vehicle when such vehicle has given a plainly visible signal of intention to turn.
y. Failure to yield the right of way ? failure of the driver of any upon a highway within a business or residential district to yield the right of to a pedestrian crossing such highway within a crosswalk except at intersection where the movement of traffic is regulated by a peace officer or by traffic
z. Failure to stop before traversing a ?through highway? or railroad crossing ? failure of the driver of a vehicle upon a highway to bring to full stop such vehicle before traversing any ?through highway? or railroad crossing.
76. Obstruction ? obstructing the free passage of other vehicles on the highway while discharging or taking passengers or loading and unloading freight, or driving a motor vehicle in such a manner as to obstruct or impede the passage of any vehicle
I. Violations involving Taxi Units except those already provided in this circular
77. Fast, Tampered, Defective or non-operational, Tampered, broken, fake or altered meter seal.3,000.00
and suspension of DL for three (3) months 1st Offense4,000.00
and suspension of DL for four (4) months 2nd Offense6,000.00
and suspension of DL for six (6) months; 3rd Offense
DL will be revoked and franchise will be recommended for cancellation
For the said infraction, the operator of the subject MV shall be summoned. Upon determination That he is also liable for the said infraction, the plates, OR/CR of the subject MV shall be suspended for the said duration of the suspension suffered by the driver in addition to the fine equivalent to the amount paid by the driver.
78. Tampered, broken, joint, reconnected, fake or altered sealing wire1, 500.00
to be imposed upon the driver or owner whoever maybe responsible. The License ÿof the driver or the plate, OR/CR of the MV shall be suspended for one month for the 1st offense. Two (2) months for the 2nd offense and three (3) months ÿfor the 3rd ÿoffense
after third violation Dl will be revoked and franchise ÿWill be recommended for cancellation.500.00
79. Violation of color scheme, adaptation of MV color or design without authority
to be impose upon the owner500.00
80. Old ÿmeter seal/or loose triplex seal
to be impose upon the and/or driver
81. Flagged up meter and/or operating on contractual basis750.00
to be impose against the driver. The License of the driver shall be suspended For forty five (45) days
82. No taxi Meter1, 200.00
to be imposed against the driver the total amount of1, 200.00
to be imposed against the operator the total amount of2, 400.00
83. Failure to paint the word ?Aircon?750.00
to be impose against the operator/Owner only.
84.Unauthorized installation of Aircon750.00
to be impose against the operator/owner and driver
85. No Identification Card150.00
86. No Taximeter light200.00
87. Failure to provide top light indicating availability200.00
to be impose upon the driver and/or owner
88. Failure to print owner/operator?s name, address and/or Capacity markings, type of service on taxi units500.00
to be imposed upon the owner/operator or driver
ÿJ. Other Non ? Traffic Violations
89. Unauthorized installation of aircon on buses750
90. Non painting of the word aircon for buses750
91. Operating aircon MV with defective aircon500
92. Smoke Belching define under RA 8479
for the 1st offense and to pass the smoke emission test1, 000.00
for the 2nd offense and to pass the smoke emission test3, 000.00
for 3rd and subsequent offenses and to pass the smoke emission test and to suspend of plates, CR/OR/ Registration of MV for one (1) year5, 000.00
93. Operating a right hand drive motor vehicles50, 000.00
94. Failure to Install Seatbelt as defined under RA 87501,000.00
95. Failure to wear/unbuckled seatbelt250
a. First Offense500
b. Second Offense1,000.00
c. Third Offense
96. Allowing child six years old and below on passenger seat250
97. Display of sign board (PUB & PUJ ONLY) without front panel route500
Source: http://www.ltoregionvi.net/lto-fines-and-penalties/

For urgent concerns and complaints , you may contact the MMDA at MMDA hotline (136) or call the METRO BASE at 0920 9389861 or 0920 9389875 and ask for an Inspectorate.

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